PROBLEMS FOR AUGUST
Please send your solutions to
Prof. Edward J. Barbeau
Department of Mathematics
University of Toronto
Toronto, ON M5S 3G3
no later than October 15, 2004.
It is important that your complete mailing address
and your email address appear on the front page.
If you do not write your family name last, please
underline it.

324.

(Correction.) The base of a pyramid
ABCDV is a rectangle ABCD with AB  = a,
BC  = b and VA  = VB  = VC  = VD  = c. Determine the area of
the intersection of the pyramid and the plane parallel to
the base VA that contains the diagonal BD.

325.

Solve for positive real values of x, y, t:
(x^{2} + y^{2})^{2} + 2tx(x^{2} + y^{2}) = t^{2}y^{2} . 

Are there infinitely many solutions for which the values of
x, y, t are all positive integers?
Optional rider: What is the smallest value of t for
a positive integer solution?

326.

In the triangle ABC with semiperimeter
s = ^{1}/_{2}(a +b + c), points U, V, W lie on the
respective sides BC, CA, AB. Prove that
s < AU + BV + CW  < 3s . 

Give an example for which trhe sum in the middle is equal to 2s.

327.

Let A be a point on a circle with centre O
and let B be the midpoint of OA. Let C and D be points
on the circle on the same side of OA produced for which ÐCBO = ÐDBA. Let E be the midpoint of CD and let F be
the point on EB produced for which BF = BE.


(a) Prove that F lies on the circle.


(b) What is the range of angle EAO?

328.

Let C be a circle with diameter AC
and centre D. Suppose that B is a point on the circle for
which BD ^AC. Let E be the midpoint of DC and
let Z be a point on the radius AD for which EZ = EB.


Prove that


(a) The length c of BZ is the length of the side of
a regular pentagon inscribed in C.


(b) The length b of DZ is the length of the side of
a regular decagon (10gon) inscribed in C.


(c) c^{2} = a^{2} + b^{2} where a is the length of a
regular hexagon inscribed in C.


(d) (a + b):a = a:b.

329.

Let x, y, z be positive real numbers.
Prove that
 Ö

x^{2}  xy + y^{2}

+  Ö

y^{2}  yz + z^{2}

³  Ö

x^{2} + xz + z^{2}

. 


330.

At an international conference, there are four official
languages. Any two participants can communicate in at least one of
these languages. Show that at least one of the languages is spoken
by at least 60% of the participants.

331.

Some checkers are placed on various squares of a
2m ×2n chessboard, where m and n are odd. Any number
(including zero) of checkers are placed on each square. There are
an odd number of checkers in each row and in each column. Suppose that
the chessboard squares are coloured alternately black and white
(as usual). Prove that there are an even number of checkers on the
black squares.