Abstract view
An Optimal Transport View of Schrödinger's Equation


Published:20110615
Printed: Dec 2012
MaxK. von Renesse,
Technische Universität Berlin
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Abstract
We show that the Schrödinger equation is a lift of Newton's third law
of motion $\nabla^\mathcal W_{\dot \mu} \dot \mu = \nabla^\mathcal W F(\mu)$ on
the space of probability measures, where derivatives are taken
with respect to the Wasserstein Riemannian metric. Here the potential
$\mu \to F(\mu)$ is the sum of the total classical potential energy $\langle V,\mu\rangle$
of the extended system
and its Fisher information
$ \frac {\hbar^2} 8 \int \nabla \ln \mu ^2
\,d\mu$. The precise relation is established via a wellknown
(Madelung) transform which is shown to be a symplectic submersion
of the standard symplectic
structure of complex valued functions into the
canonical symplectic space over the Wasserstein space.
All computations are conducted in the framework of Otto's formal
Riemannian calculus for optimal transportation of probability
measures.