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An Optimal Transport View of Schrödinger's Equation

  Published:2011-06-15
 Printed: Dec 2012
  • Max-K. von Renesse,
    Technische Universität Berlin
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Abstract

We show that the Schrödinger equation is a lift of Newton's third law of motion $\nabla^\mathcal W_{\dot \mu} \dot \mu = -\nabla^\mathcal W F(\mu)$ on the space of probability measures, where derivatives are taken with respect to the Wasserstein Riemannian metric. Here the potential $\mu \to F(\mu)$ is the sum of the total classical potential energy $\langle V,\mu\rangle$ of the extended system and its Fisher information $ \frac {\hbar^2} 8 \int |\nabla \ln \mu |^2 \,d\mu$. The precise relation is established via a well-known (Madelung) transform which is shown to be a symplectic submersion of the standard symplectic structure of complex valued functions into the canonical symplectic space over the Wasserstein space. All computations are conducted in the framework of Otto's formal Riemannian calculus for optimal transportation of probability measures.
Keywords: Schrödinger equation, optimal transport, Newton's law, symplectic submersion Schrödinger equation, optimal transport, Newton's law, symplectic submersion
MSC Classifications: 81C25, 82C70, 37K05 show english descriptions unknown classification 81C25
Transport processes
Hamiltonian structures, symmetries, variational principles, conservation laws
81C25 - unknown classification 81C25
82C70 - Transport processes
37K05 - Hamiltonian structures, symmetries, variational principles, conservation laws
 

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