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# The Spectrum and Isometric Embeddings of Surfaces of Revolution

A sharp upper bound on the first $S^{1}$ invariant eigenvalue of the Laplacian for $S^1$ invariant metrics on $S^2$ is used to find obstructions to the existence of $S^1$ equivariant isometric embeddings of such metrics in $(\R^3,\can)$. As a corollary we prove: If the first four distinct eigenvalues have even multiplicities then the metric cannot be equivariantly, isometrically embedded in $(\R^3,\can)$. This leads to generalizations of some classical results in the theory of surfaces.