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Some Questions about Semisimple Lie Groups Originating in Matrix Theory

  Published:2003-09-01
 Printed: Sep 2003
  • Dragomir Z. Đoković
  • Tin-Yau Tam
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Abstract

We generalize the well-known result that a square traceless complex matrix is unitarily similar to a matrix with zero diagonal to arbitrary connected semisimple complex Lie groups $G$ and their Lie algebras $\mathfrak{g}$ under the action of a maximal compact subgroup $K$ of $G$. We also introduce a natural partial order on $\mathfrak{g}$: $x\le y$ if $f(K\cdot x) \subseteq f(K\cdot y)$ for all $f\in \mathfrak{g}^*$, the complex dual of $\mathfrak{g}$. This partial order is $K$-invariant and induces a partial order on the orbit space $\mathfrak{g}/K$. We prove that, under some restrictions on $\mathfrak{g}$, the set $f(K\cdot x)$ is star-shaped with respect to the origin.
MSC Classifications: 15A45, 20G20, 22E60 show english descriptions Miscellaneous inequalities involving matrices
Linear algebraic groups over the reals, the complexes, the quaternions
Lie algebras of Lie groups {For the algebraic theory of Lie algebras, see 17Bxx}
15A45 - Miscellaneous inequalities involving matrices
20G20 - Linear algebraic groups over the reals, the complexes, the quaternions
22E60 - Lie algebras of Lie groups {For the algebraic theory of Lie algebras, see 17Bxx}
 

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