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A Real Holomorphy Ring without the Schmüdgen Property


Published:19990901
Printed: Sep 1999
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Abstract
A preordering $T$ is constructed in the polynomial ring $A = \R
[t_1,t_2, \dots]$ (countably many variables) with the following two
properties: (1)~~For each $f \in A$ there exists an integer $N$
such that $N \le f(P) \le N$ holds for all $P \in \Sper_T(A)$.
(2)~~For all $f \in A$, if $N+f, Nf \in T$ for some integer $N$,
then $f \in \R$. This is in sharp contrast with the
Schm\"udgenW\"ormann result that for any preordering $T$ in a
finitely generated $\R$algebra $A$, if property~(1) holds, then
for any $f \in A$, $f > 0$ on $\Sper_T(A) \Rightarrow f \in T$.
Also, adjoining to $A$ the square roots of the generators of $T$
yields a larger ring $C$ with these same two properties but with
$\Sigma C^2$ (the set of sums of squares) as the preordering.