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Instabilité de vecteurs propres d'opérateurs linéaires

  Published:1999-03-01
 Printed: Mar 1999
  • Ludmila Nikolskaia
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Abstract

We consider some geometric properties of eigenvectors of linear operators on infinite dimensional Hilbert space. It is proved that the property of a family of vectors $(x_n)$ to be eigenvectors $Tx_n= \lambda_n x_n$ ($\lambda_n \noteq \lambda_k$ for $n\noteq k$) of a bounded operator $T$ (admissibility property) is very instable with respect to additive and linear perturbations. For instance, (1)~for the sequence $(x_n+\epsilon_n v_n)_{n\geq k(\epsilon)}$ to be admissible for every admissible $(x_n)$ and for a suitable choice of small numbers $\epsilon_n\noteq 0$ it is necessary and sufficient that the perturbation sequence be eventually scalar: there exist $\gamma_n\in \C$ such that $v_n= \gamma_n v_{k}$ for $n\geq k$ (Theorem~2); (2)~for a bounded operator $A$ to transform admissible families $(x_n)$ into admissible families $(Ax_n)$ it is necessary and sufficient that $A$ be left invertible (Theorem~4).
Keywords: eigenvectors, minimal families, reproducing kernels eigenvectors, minimal families, reproducing kernels
MSC Classifications: 47A10, 46B15 show english descriptions Spectrum, resolvent
Summability and bases [See also 46A35]
47A10 - Spectrum, resolvent
46B15 - Summability and bases [See also 46A35]
 

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