Abstract view
On permanental identities of symmetric and skewsymmetric matrices in characteristic \lowercase{$p$}


Published:19980301
Printed: Mar 1998
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Abstract
Let $M_n(F)$ be the algebra of $n \times n$
matrices over a field $F$ of characteristic $p>2$ and let $\ast$ be an
involution on $M_n(F)$. If $s_1, \ldots, s_r$ are symmetric
variables we determine the smallest $r$ such that the polynomial
$$
P_{r}(s_1, \ldots, s_{r}) = \sum_{\sigma \in {\cal
S}_r}s_{\sigma(1)}\cdots s_{\sigma(r)}
$$
is a $\ast$polynomial identity of $M_n(F)$ under either the
symplectic or the transpose involution. We also prove an analogous
result for the polynomial
$$
C_r(k_1, \ldots, k_r, k'_1, \ldots, k'_r) = \sum_
{\sigma, \tau \in {\cal S}_r}k_{\sigma(1)}k'_{\tau(1)}\cdots
k_{\sigma(r)}k'_{\tau(r)}
$$
where $k_1, \ldots, k_r, k'_1, \ldots, k'_r$ are skew
variables under the transpose involution.