Abstract view
On the solvability of a Neumann boundary value problem at resonance


Published:19971201
Printed: Dec 1997
Abstract
We study the existence of solutions of the semilinear equations (1)
$\triangle u + g(x,u)=h$, ${\partial u \over \partial n} = 0$ on
$\partial \Omega$ in which the nonlinearity $g$ may grow
superlinearly in $u$ in one of directions $u \to \infty$ and $u \to
\infty$, and (2) $\triangle u + g(x,u)=h$, ${\partial u \over
\partial n} = 0$ on $\partial \Omega$ in which the nonlinear term $g$
may grow superlinearly in $u$ as $u \to \infty$. The purpose of this
paper is to obtain solvability theorems for (1) and (2) when the
LandesmanLazer condition does not hold. More precisely, we require
that $h$ may satisfy $\int g^\delta_ (x) \, dx < \int h(x) \, dx = 0<
\int g^\gamma_+ (x)\,dx$, where $\gamma, \delta$ are arbitrarily
nonnegative constants, $g^\gamma_+ (x) = \lim_{u \to \infty} \inf
g(x,u) u^\gamma$ and $g^\delta_ (x)=\lim_{u \to \infty} \sup
g(x,u)u^\delta$. The proofs are based upon degree theoretic arguments.