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Galois Representations Over Fields of Moduli and Rational Points on Shimura Curves

  • Victor Rotger,
    Departament de Matemàtica Aplicada II, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, C. Jordi Girona 1-3, 08034 Barcelona, Spain
  • Carlos de Vera-Piquero,
    Departament de Matemàtica Aplicada II, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, C. Jordi Girona 1-3, 08034 Barcelona, Spain
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Abstract

The purpose of this note is introducing a method for proving the existence of no rational points on a coarse moduli space $X$ of abelian varieties over a given number field $K$, in cases where the moduli problem is not fine and points in $X(K)$ may not be represented by an abelian variety (with additional structure) admitting a model over the field $K$. This is typically the case when the abelian varieties that are being classified have even dimension. The main idea, inspired on the work of Ellenberg and Skinner on the modularity of $\mathbb{Q}$-curves, is that to a point $P=[A]\in X(K)$ represented by an abelian variety $A/\bar K$ one may still attach a Galois representation of $\operatorname{Gal}(\bar K/K)$ with values in the quotient group $\operatorname{GL}(T_\ell(A))/\operatorname{Aut}(A)$, provided $\operatorname{Aut}(A)$ lies in the centre of $\operatorname{GL}(T_\ell(A))$. We exemplify our method in the cases where $X$ is a Shimura curve over an imaginary quadratic field or an Atkin-Lehner quotient over $\mathbb{Q}$.
Keywords: Shimura curves, rational points, Galois representations, Hasse principle, Brauer-Manin obstruction Shimura curves, rational points, Galois representations, Hasse principle, Brauer-Manin obstruction
MSC Classifications: 11G18, 14G35, 14G05 show english descriptions Arithmetic aspects of modular and Shimura varieties [See also 14G35]
Modular and Shimura varieties [See also 11F41, 11F46, 11G18]
Rational points
11G18 - Arithmetic aspects of modular and Shimura varieties [See also 14G35]
14G35 - Modular and Shimura varieties [See also 11F41, 11F46, 11G18]
14G05 - Rational points
 

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