Abstract view
Gosset Polytopes in Picard Groups of del Pezzo Surfaces


Published:20110915
Printed: Feb 2012
JaeHyouk Lee,
Korea Institute for Advanced Study, KIAS Hoegiro 87(20743 Cheongnyangnidong), Dongdaemungu, Seoul 130722, Korea
Abstract
In this article, we study the correspondence between the geometry of
del Pezzo surfaces $S_{r}$ and the geometry of the $r$dimensional Gosset
polytopes $(r4)_{21}$. We construct Gosset polytopes $(r4)_{21}$ in
$\operatorname{Pic} S_{r}\otimes\mathbb{Q}$ whose vertices are lines, and we identify
divisor classes in $\operatorname{Pic} S_{r}$ corresponding to $(a1)$simplexes ($a\leq
r$), $(r1)$simplexes and $(r1)$crosspolytopes of the polytope $(r4)_{21}$.
Then we explain how these classes correspond to skew $a$lines($a\leq r$),
exceptional systems, and rulings, respectively.
As an application, we work on the monoidal transform for lines to study the
local geometry of the polytope $(r4)_{21}$. And we show that the Gieser transformation
and the Bertini transformation induce a symmetry of polytopes $3_{21}$ and
$4_{21}$, respectively.