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Tail Bounds for the Stable Marriage of Poisson and Lebesgue

  Published:2009-12-01
 Printed: Dec 2009
  • Christopher Hoffman
  • Alexander E. Holroyd
  • Yuval Peres
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Abstract

Let $\Xi$ be a discrete set in $\rd$. Call the elements of $\Xi$ {\em centers}. The well-known Voronoi tessellation partitions $\rd$ into polyhedral regions (of varying volumes) by allocating each site of $\rd$ to the closest center. Here we study allocations of $\rd$ to $\Xi$ in which each center attempts to claim a region of equal volume $\alpha$. We focus on the case where $\Xi$ arises from a Poisson process of unit intensity. In an earlier paper by the authors it was proved that there is a unique allocation which is {\em stable} in the sense of the Gale--Shapley marriage problem. We study the distance $X$ from a typical site to its allocated center in the stable allocation. The model exhibits a phase transition in the appetite $\alpha$. In the critical case $\alpha=1$ we prove a power law upper bound on $X$ in dimension $d=1$. (Power law lower bounds were proved earlier for all $d$). In the non-critical cases $\alpha<1$ and $\alpha>1$ we prove exponential upper bounds on $X$.
Keywords: stable marriage, point process, phase transition stable marriage, point process, phase transition
MSC Classifications: 60D05 show english descriptions Geometric probability and stochastic geometry [See also 52A22, 53C65] 60D05 - Geometric probability and stochastic geometry [See also 52A22, 53C65]
 

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