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Exponents of Diophantine Approximation in Dimension Two

  Published:2009-02-01
 Printed: Feb 2009
  • Michel Laurent
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Abstract

Let $\Theta=(\alpha,\beta)$ be a point in $\bR^2$, with $1,\alpha, \beta$ linearly independent over $\bQ$. We attach to $\Theta$ a quadruple $\Omega(\Theta)$ of exponents that measure the quality of approximation to $\Theta$ both by rational points and by rational lines. The two ``uniform'' components of $\Omega(\Theta)$ are related by an equation due to Jarn\'\i k, and the four exponents satisfy two inequalities that refine Khintchine's transference principle. Conversely, we show that for any quadruple $\Omega$ fulfilling these necessary conditions, there exists a point $\Theta\in \bR^2$ for which $\Omega(\Theta) =\Omega$.
MSC Classifications: 11J13, 11J70 show english descriptions Simultaneous homogeneous approximation, linear forms
Continued fractions and generalizations [See also 11A55, 11K50]
11J13 - Simultaneous homogeneous approximation, linear forms
11J70 - Continued fractions and generalizations [See also 11A55, 11K50]
 

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