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Adjacency Preserving Maps on Hermitian Matrices

  Published:2008-10-01
 Printed: Oct 2008
  • Wen-ling Huang
  • Peter \v Semrl
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Abstract

Hua's fundamental theorem of the geometry of hermitian matrices characterizes bijective maps on the space of all $n\times n$ hermitian matrices preserving adjacency in both directions. The problem of possible improvements has been open for a while. There are three natural problems here. Do we need the bijectivity assumption? Can we replace the assumption of preserving adjacency in both directions by the weaker assumption of preserving adjacency in one direction only? Can we obtain such a characterization for maps acting between the spaces of hermitian matrices of different sizes? We answer all three questions for the complex hermitian matrices, thus obtaining the optimal structural result for adjacency preserving maps on hermitian matrices over the complex field.
Keywords: rank, adjacency preserving map, hermitian matrix, geometry of matrices rank, adjacency preserving map, hermitian matrix, geometry of matrices
MSC Classifications: 15A03, 15A04, 15A57, 15A99 show english descriptions Vector spaces, linear dependence, rank
Linear transformations, semilinear transformations
Other types of matrices (Hermitian, skew-Hermitian, etc.)
Miscellaneous topics
15A03 - Vector spaces, linear dependence, rank
15A04 - Linear transformations, semilinear transformations
15A57 - Other types of matrices (Hermitian, skew-Hermitian, etc.)
15A99 - Miscellaneous topics
 

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