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Multiplicity Results for Nonlinear Neumann Problems

  Published:2006-02-01
 Printed: Feb 2006
  • Michael Filippakis
  • Leszek Gasiński
  • Nikolaos S. Papageorgiou
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Abstract

In this paper we study nonlinear elliptic problems of Neumann type driven by the $p$-Laplac\-ian differential operator. We look for situations guaranteeing the existence of multiple solutions. First we study problems which are strongly resonant at infinity at the first (zero) eigenvalue. We prove five multiplicity results, four for problems with nonsmooth potential and one for problems with a $C^1$-potential. In the last part, for nonsmooth problems in which the potential eventually exhibits a strict super-$p$-growth under a symmetry condition, we prove the existence of infinitely many pairs of nontrivial solutions. Our approach is variational based on the critical point theory for nonsmooth functionals. Also we present some results concerning the first two elements of the spectrum of the negative $p$-Laplacian with Neumann boundary condition.
Keywords: Nonsmooth critical point theory, locally Lipschitz function, Clarke subdifferential, Neumann problem, strong resonance, second deformation theorem, nonsmooth symmetric mountain pass theorem, $p$-Laplacian Nonsmooth critical point theory, locally Lipschitz function, Clarke subdifferential, Neumann problem, strong resonance, second deformation theorem, nonsmooth symmetric mountain pass theorem, $p$-Laplacian
MSC Classifications: 35J20, 35J60, 35J85 show english descriptions Variational methods for second-order elliptic equations
Nonlinear elliptic equations
Unilateral problems and variational inequalities for elliptic PDE (See also 35R35, 49J40)
35J20 - Variational methods for second-order elliptic equations
35J60 - Nonlinear elliptic equations
35J85 - Unilateral problems and variational inequalities for elliptic PDE (See also 35R35, 49J40)
 

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