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# Jordan Structures of Totally Nonnegative Matrices

Published:2005-02-01
Printed: Feb 2005
• Shaun M. Fallat
• Michael I. Gekhtman
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## Abstract

An $n \times n$ matrix is said to be totally nonnegative if every minor of $A$ is nonnegative. In this paper we completely characterize all possible Jordan canonical forms of irreducible totally nonnegative matrices. Our approach is mostly combinatorial and is based on the study of weighted planar diagrams associated with totally nonnegative matrices.
 Keywords: totally nonnegative matrices, planar diagrams, principal rank, Jordan canonical form
 MSC Classifications: 15A21 - Canonical forms, reductions, classification 15A48 - Positive matrices and their generalizations; cones of matrices05C38 - Paths and cycles [See also 90B10]