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# Admissible Majorants for Model Subspaces of $H^2$, Part I: Slow Winding of the Generating Inner Function

Published:2003-12-01
Printed: Dec 2003
• Victor Havin
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## Abstract

A model subspace $K_\Theta$ of the Hardy space $H^2 = H^2 (\mathbb{C}_+)$ for the upper half plane $\mathbb{C}_+$ is $H^2(\mathbb{C}_+) \ominus \Theta H^2(\mathbb{C}_+)$ where $\Theta$ is an inner function in $\mathbb{C}_+$. A function $\omega \colon \mathbb{R}\mapsto[0,\infty)$ is called {\it an admissible majorant\/} for $K_\Theta$ if there exists an $f \in K_\Theta$, $f \not\equiv 0$, $|f(x)|\leq \omega(x)$ almost everywhere on $\mathbb{R}$. For some (mainly meromorphic) $\Theta$'s some parts of $\Adm\Theta$ (the set of all admissible majorants for $K_\Theta$) are explicitly described. These descriptions depend on the rate of growth of $\arg \Theta$ along $\mathbb{R}$. This paper is about slowly growing arguments (slower than $x$). Our results exhibit the dependence of $\Adm B$ on the geometry of the zeros of the Blaschke product $B$. A complete description of $\Adm B$ is obtained for $B$'s with purely imaginary (vertical'') zeros. We show that in this case a unique minimal admissible majorant exists.
 Keywords: Hardy space, inner function, shift operator, model, subspace, Hilbert transform, admissible majorant
 MSC Classifications: 30D55 - ${H}^p$-classes47A15 - Invariant subspaces [See also 47A46]

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