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Galois Representations with Non-Surjective Traces

Open Access article
 Printed: Oct 1999
  • Chantal David
  • Hershy Kisilevsky
  • Francesco Pappalardi
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Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over $\q$, and let $r$ be an integer. According to the Lang-Trotter conjecture, the number of primes $p$ such that $a_p(E) = r$ is either finite, or is asymptotic to $C_{E,r} {\sqrt{x}} / {\log{x}}$ where $C_{E,r}$ is a non-zero constant. A typical example of the former is the case of rational $\ell$-torsion, where $a_p(E) = r$ is impossible if $r \equiv 1 \pmod{\ell}$. We prove in this paper that, when $E$ has a rational $\ell$-isogeny and $\ell \neq 11$, the number of primes $p$ such that $a_p(E) \equiv r \pmod{\ell}$ is finite (for some $r$ modulo $\ell$) if and only if $E$ has rational $\ell$-torsion over the cyclotomic field $\q(\zeta_\ell)$. The case $\ell=11$ is special, and is also treated in the paper. We also classify all those occurences.
MSC Classifications: 14H52 show english descriptions Elliptic curves [See also 11G05, 11G07, 14Kxx] 14H52 - Elliptic curves [See also 11G05, 11G07, 14Kxx]

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